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What is LAP?

The Lethality Assessment Program-Maryland Model (LAP), created by the MNADV, is an innovative, award-winning, nationally recognized practice to prevent intimate partner homicides and serious injuries. The LAP has also been identified as a “supported intervention” according to the Center for Disease Control’s (CDC) Continuum of Evidence Effectiveness, and as a “leading promising practice” by the Office on Violence Against Women (OVW).

Based on the research of Dr. Jacquelyn Campbell of Johns Hopkins University, MNADV led this work through extensive and comprehensive multi-disciplinary research and development. After several years of this work, the lethality screen and protocol were created and implemented in 2005.

Position Paper: Effectiveness of the Lethality Assessment Program


To provide an evidence-based standard of practice to reduce intimate partner homicide, increase victim safety, and enhance collaboration in every community.


The purpose of the LAP is to save lives by connecting victims to life-saving, community-based services; hold abusers accountable; and create awareness of lethality factors with victims and communities.

  • We are grounded in the application of innovative, evidence-based standards and best practices.
  • We embrace and promote an empowerment lens to keep the victim’s right to safety, self-determination, and dignity at the forefront of our endeavors.
  • We respond to and partner with our constituents and stakeholders in an individualized, efficient, and professional manner.
  • We remain open to outside research and critique in order to provide the best model, training, and service-delivery for all types of agencies and victims.
  • We use a strengths-based approach when working with LAP participants and creating customized training and technical assistance plans to set participants up for success.

LAP Implementers

To date, LAP has been implemented in numerous jurisdictions across the United States.

MNADV Partners with Forseti